Who were the "surfmen"?
The United States Life Saving Service (USLSS) was established in 1854. The service eventually maintained lifesaving stations up and down the Mid-Atlantic coast, approximately every five miles. Manned by "surfmen," these stations were responsible for saving hundreds of shipwreck victims using sturdy row boats, ropes shot from small cannons, and other ingenious equipment. In 1915, the USLSS and the Revenue Cutter Service merged to become the United States Coast Guard. Today, the Coast Guard uses modern technology to aid rescue efforts.