Skip to main content

The size, shape, form, decoration, and accessories of hats were once powerful indicators of occupation and social status in Hungary. In the past, the swine-herder (kondás) wore a small derby-like hat with a little feather; the cow-herder (gulyás) wore a larger hat with a rounded crown and upturned brim; and the horseman (csikós) wore the largest hat of all, with a sweeping brim and a delicate feather tucked in the band.

Support the Folklife Festival, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, sustainability projects, educational outreach, and more.