Skip to main content


The second in what soon became an annual feature of the Festival, the state program in 1969 focused on the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Among the performances, Serbian and Croatian music and dance represented Pennsylvania's ethnic heritage, Anglo American traditions included a string band, fiddler and ballad singer, and African American blues and gospel singing rounded out the program. Craftspeople included a bread baker and makers of rugs, tubs, quilts, dolls, harnesses, bricks, and brooms, among others.

Mack McCormick and Ethel Raim were the primary field researchers for the Pennsylvania program. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania sponsored the participation of Pennsylvania craftspeople and performers, with the support of the Office of the Governor, Raymond P. Shafer, research support from the Ethnic Culture Survey, and the Bureau of Travel Development, Robert Shoemaker, Director.

Previous | Next >

Support the Folklife Festival, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, sustainability projects, educational outreach, and more.