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Folklore is art--literary, musical, dramatic, and to an extent visual--that lives primarily in oral tradition, is used mainly by performers and listeners who are not sophisticated in the technical theory of the arts, and is regarded by large segments of population as its own. Typically, folklore exists in those cultures in which traditions of technically more sophisticated art, accepted only by minorities, also exists. The methods and techniques of folklore research can also be used, however, for the study of arts not included under this definition, such as those of nonliterate cultures. The folklorist, scholar and researcher in the ...

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